Following the failed Jacobite rebellion led by James Stewart in 1715, thirty years passed with the "Old Pretender" to the throne of Great Britain living in exile. In 1745 his son, Charles Edward Stewart, "Bonnie Prince Charlie", again rallied Scottish Jacobite sympathisers against the crown.
Charles marched into England at the head of an army of 6,000 men. He reached Derby, but by then his men were exhausted and he made the decision to retreat.
The Jacobite army crossed back into Scotland and headed towards Dumfries, arriving at dusk on Friday 20 December 1745. Some troops were billeted on townspeople while others camped in fields south of the High Street.
There was considerable disorder and looting. Charles fined the town £2,000 and demanded 1,000 pairs of shoes. Only £1,195 and 225 pairs could be gathered together.
harles used this teapot, knife and fork during his stay in Dumfries. After defeat at the battle of Culloden, Charles escaped to France, the Jacobite cause had failed again.
In the collection of Dumfries Museum & Camera Obscura.